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The Black Rail is a secretive, year-round resident of marshes along much of the upper Gulf and Atlantic Coasts. They also winter in south Florida and are occassionally seen on Christmas Bird Counts in the Everglades National Park. Black Rails are the smallest North American rail species, and they are extremely difficult to see (one of the most challenging, in fact). However, in spring, they can be heard singing at night, or during early morning before sunrise or late evening before sunset.
Recommended GFBWT sites:
For more information, including a range map and sound recording, visit The Cornell Lab of Ornithology's All About Birds website.
The Black Rail can be found in both salt and freshwater marshes.